Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a relatively common vision problem in which close objects appear blurry, even as distant objects remain clear.
Signs and Symptoms of Farsightedness
- Burning eyes
- General eye discomfort
Causes and Risk Factors of Farsightedness
How Is Farsightedness Diagnosed?
- Every two to four years between ages 40 and 54
- Every one to three years between ages 55 and 64
- Every one to two years starting at age 65
Prognosis of Farsightedness
Duration of Farsightedness
As noted above, most people are born farsighted, but by age 1, less than 4 percent of children have hyperopia.
Treatment and Medication Options for Farsightedness
LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) An ophthalmologist (eye doctor) cuts a round, hinged flap in your cornea. Then, using an excimer laser (which, unlike other lasers, produces no heat), the doctor removes layers from the center of your cornea to change its shape and improve your vision.
LASEK (Laser-Assisted Subepithelial Keratectomy) The doctor works only on the cornea's thin outer layer (epithelium). After creating a flap, the doctor uses an excimer laser to reshape the outer layer of the cornea.
Following this procedure, your doctor may insert a temporary contact lens to protect your eye for a few days.
PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) The doctor removes the entire epithelium and, using a laser, changes the shape of the cornea. The doctor doesn't replace the epithelium, which grows back on its own and conforms to the reshaped cornea.
- Under- or overcorrection of your original vision problem
- New vision problems, such as halos or other effects around bright lights
- Dry eye
- Corneal scarring
- Vision loss (in rare cases)
But these medications are not available yet.
Alternative and Complementary Therapies
Prevention of Farsightedness
But certain behaviors and practices can help protect your vision and eyes.
Complications of Farsightedness
- Crossed Eyes Children with hyperopia can sometimes develop crossed eyes (strabismus), but eyeglasses may help treat the issue.
- Eyestrain Without correction, farsightedness can cause people to squint or strain their eyes, which can lead to headaches and eyestrain.
- Safety Impairment When farsightedness goes uncorrected, it can interfere with people's safety, such as while driving.
Research and Statistics: Who Has Farsightedness?
Black and Hispanic Americans and Farsightedness
Related Conditions of Farsightedness
Resources We Love
Favorite Orgs for Essential Hyperopia (Farsightedness) Info
The NEI gives readers detailed background information on hyperopia, from risk factors and prevention to details about eye development that results in the condition. The site also presents current research around eye health, including its own National Institutes of Health–funded studies and clinical trials.
A nonprofit with a broad reach into clinical practice, education, and research, the Mayo Clinic provides an extensive, patient-friendly background about hyperopia on its website. Treatments are presented clearly and are regularly updated, so readers will find actionable information. In addition, those who have upcoming ophthalmologist visits will find advice on how to prepare and what questions to ask the doctor.
The AOA represents upward of 44,000 doctors of optometry in the United States and is an authority on eye care and optometry. The website covers the essentials of hyperopia, such as diagnosis and various treatments, while also presenting research and helpful articles.
Additional reporting by Sarah Amandalore.